I have spent some time, OK a lot of time, gathering figures between Scotland and England to try and build a picture of how the main drivers of each economy (and some that drive Brexit) compare between each country per head of population. The UK fiscal make up is messy. Some of the information comes from devolved governments, others come from the UK Government or their associated authorities, but all of the information and numbers I conclude in this blog post have sources at the foot of the blog post. In time I will look at the entire makeup of the UK and plot some charts to see how we compare in other areas, such as Construction, Fresh Water, Financial Services and Manufacturing etc.
Below are a list of 11 areas that I have broken down. At the foot of the blog post are all the links you will need.
I have used a population figure of 5,250,000 for Scotland and 55,000,000 for England.
So let’s look at the breakdown.
Scotland has a coastline (mainland only) of 6,160 miles, this increases to around 9,000 miles if you include the islands, but for the time being let’s ignore them. England has a coast line of 2,748 miles. Coast line is very difficult to get exact because it constantly moves and where do you stop? Do you count every single rock? But as per the British Geological Survey, the numbers I list are as accurate as can be. Scotland has more coastline per head than England. Each Scot, therefore, has an equivalent of 1.8 metres versus just 8 centimetres for folks in England.
Scotland 1-0 England!
Scotland has a sea area of 462,263 square kilometres as listed on Marine Scotland. England has a sea area of 229,996 square kilometres. That means Scotland has more sea area per head than England. Each Scot has an equivalent of 0.09 square kilometres versus just 0.004 square kilometres in England.
Scotland 2-0 England!
Scotland has a forested area of 1,440,000 hectares. England has a forested area of 1,302,800 hectares. That means Scotland has more forest per head than England. Each Scot has an equivalent of 2,700 square meters versus just 240 square meters in England.
Forested area for England is more difficult to work out. The total forested area of the UK is 3.17 million hectares. 10% of England is forested. England has an area of 130,279 km², so 10% of that is 13,027 km² which in hectares is 1,302,800.
Scotland 3-0 England!
Scotland has a farmland area of 5,700,000 hectares according to source 11. England has a farmland area of 8,515,570 hectares. That means Scotland has more farmland per head than England. Each Scot has an equivalent of 10,860 square meters versus just 1,550 square meters in England.
Again, trying to find information on the total farm land in England is difficult. We know from source 8 below that 17.2 million hectares is listed as farm land for the whole UK. We also know that includes Scotland’s, so let’s remove Scotland’s. That leaves us 11.5million hectares. We know from source 9 below that 88% of welsh land is listed as agricultural land which equates to 18,246.8 square kilometres or 1,824,680 hectares. Northern Ireland, according to source 10 lists 75% of its land area as farm land, that’s equivalent to 10,597.5 square kilometres or 1,059,750 hectares. So if we remove Scotland, Wales and Northern Ireland from the 17,500,000 hectare figure we are left with the total for England
Scotland 4-0 England!
Scotland has Oil reserves of 12,000,000,000 bbls. England has oil reserves of 1,300,000,000 bbls. That means Scotland has more oil reserves per head than England. Each Scot has an equivalent of 2,286 bbls versus just 24 bbls in England.
Scotland, as per Treasury estimates in Source 12 below has 90% of all North Sea oil in Scottish waters. The Oil and Gas UK estimates between 10-20 billion barrels left as per source 13. Let’s use the 20 billion for arguments sake, not that it matters as it’s all proportionate. The Oil and Gas UK also state that of the 20 billion bbls left, 2/3s of that is Oil, 1/3 is Gas as a measure of barrels of equivalent (boe). Scotland has 90% of the oil, so it has 12 billion bbls. England has 10%, so it has 1.3 billion bbls.
Scotland 5-0 England!
Scotland has Gas reserves of 3,996,000,000 boe (barrels of equivalent). England Gas reserves of 2,664,000,000 boe (barrels of equivalent. That means Scotland has more Gas reserves per head than England. Each Scot has an equivalent of 761 boe versus just 48 boe in England.
See above (oil) for Gas equivalent. 1/3 of the bbls of Oil and Gas is Gas alone and as per source 14 below.
Scotland currently holds 60% of all UK Gas reserves as listed in the 2015/16 Oil and gas statistics, source 15 below.
Scotland 6-0 England!
Scotland has a renewable energy capacity of 24,826 GW. England has a renewable energy capacity of 14,074 GW. That means Scotland has more renewable energy per head than England. Each Scot has an equivalent of 4,700 kWh versus just 260 kWh in England.
Renewables, like most other things needs digging around. Scotland’s figures are easy to find, but English numbers are mixed in with everyone else’s. Source 17 below shows that the UK capacity for renewables is 38,900 GW, Scotland runs 24,826 GW (source 16) of that, so again, I just gave England the benefit of the doubt and included Wales and Northern Ireland in their figures.
Scotland 7-0 England!
Scotland has an annual fish landing weight of 466,000,000 kg. England has an annual fish landing weight of 235,000,000 kg. That means Scotland has more fish landings per head than England. Each Scot has an equivalent of 89 kg versus just 4 kg in England.
For fishing, I actually gave England the benefit of the doubt. The total weight landed in the UK was 701,000,000 kg. We know Scotland landed 466,000,000 kg of that, so the remainder I just assigned to England giving them 235,000,000 kg (includes any from Wales and NI). See Source 18 below for Scotland and 19 for UK.
Scotland 8-0 England!
Scotland has an annual tourism income of £11,000,000,000 according to sources 20 and 21. England has an annual tourism income of £106,000,000,000 according to source 22. That means Scotland has more tourist income per head than England. Each Scot has an equivalent of £2,095 versus just £1,927 in England.
Scotland 9-0 England!
Scotland has an annual GDP income of £179,948,111,400, source 23. England has an annual GDP income of £1,754,520,000,000. That means Scotland has more GDP income per head than England. Each Scot has an equivalent of £34,276 versus just £31,900 in England.
For GDP figures, they are listed in $ and as such I converted it to £.
GDP for England is difficult again to find out so I had to find the most recent estimates for Wales and Northern Ireland, see sources 24 and 25 below and then remove that from the entire UK GDP (source 26 (again converted to £)) to be left with England.
Scotland 10-0 England!
Scotland has an annual export income of £75,600,000,000. England has an annual export income of £256,502,150,000. That means Scotland has more export income per head than England. Each Scot has an equivalent of £14,400 versus just £4,664 in England.
Again, as per so many other areas, England is listed as the UK and it’s hard to separate them. Source 27 give us Scotland’s export income. Source 28 gives us the whole of the UK at $374 billion, again we need to convert to £.
Wales has about £16.4 billion, source 29, and Northern Ireland at about £6.3 billion, source 30.
Scotland 11-0 England!
Now you can read this any way you want. I read it simply as this…
It’s not Scotland that is too poor to be independent, its England!
*Note – To any Unionists who feel that all they can bring to my blog via the comments is to comment on grammar and spelling, your comment will be deleted.